Friday, July 29, 2011


(Pb. Ord. XLIV of 1999)


         1.         Short title and commencement.
         2.         Incorporation.
         3.         Constitution of the Board.
         4.         Functions and powers of the Board.
         5.         Chairman.
         6.         Delegation of powers.
         7.         Board fund.
         8.         Budget, audit and accounts.
         9.         Employees of the Board.
       10.         Rules.
       11.         Regulations.
       12.         Removal of difficulties.

(Pb. Ord XLIV of 1999)

[4 September 1999]

An Ordinance to provide for the establishment of the Punjab Information Technology Board and matters ancillary thereto.

Preamble.— Whereas it is expedient to make provisions for the establishment of the Punjab Information Technology Board;

      And whereas the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab is not in session and the Governor of the Punjab is satisfied that immediate action is necessary;

      Now, therefore, in exercise of the powers conferred upon him under Article 128 of the Constitution, the Governor of the Punjab is pleased to make and promulgate the following Ordinance:-

1.   Short title and commencement.— (1) This Ordinance may be called the Punjab Information Technology Board Ordinance 1999.

      (2)  It shall come into force at once and shall be deemed to have taken effect on the day the Punjab Information Technology Board Ordinance 1999 (XXV of 1999) stands repealed[2] under Article 128(2) of the Constitution.

2.   Incorporation.— (1) The Government may establish a Board to be called the Punjab Information Technology Board.

      (2)  The Board shall be a body corporate having perpetual succession and a common seal with powers to acquire, hold and dispose of property and shall by the said name sue and be sued.

3.   Constitution of the Board.— (1) The Board shall consist of such number of members as may be appointed by the Government.

      (2)  The Government shall appoint one of the members as President of the Board.

      (3)  No act, proceedings or decision of the Board shall be invalid by reason of any vacancy or defect in the constitution of the Board.

4.   Functions and powers of the Board.— The Board shall take all such measures as it deems necessary for the administration of its affairs and for the administration, promotion, development and use of information technology.

5.   Chairman.— (1) The Government shall appoint a Chairman of the Board whose terms and conditions of service shall be such as may be determined by the Government.

      (2)  The Chairman shall perform such functions as may be assigned to him by the Board.

6.   Delegation of powers.— (1) The Board may delegate to any person any of its powers, duties and functions.

      (2)  The Chairman may delegate any of his powers including delegated powers to any officer of the Board.

7.   Board fund.— (1) There shall be a fund to be known as the Information Technology Board Fund, which may vest in the Board and to which shall be credited all moneys received by the Board.

      (2)  The Fund shall be kept in such custody and shall be utilized and regulated in such manner as may be prescribed by rules.

      (3)  The Government shall provide funds to the Board for its Secretariat and other necessary and incidental expenses.

8.   Budget, audit and accounts.— The Budget of the Board shall be approved and its accounts shall be maintained and audited in such manner as may be prescribed by rules.

9.   Employees of the Board.— The Board may employ such officers, advisers, consultants and employees in its service as may be necessary for the efficient performance of its functions in such manner and on such terms and conditions as may be prescribed by the Board.

10.    Rules.— The Government may make rules for carrying out the purposes of this Ordinance.

11.    Regulations.— Subject to this Ordinance and rules framed thereunder, the Board may make regulations for carrying out the purposes of this Ordinance.

12.    Removal of difficulties.— If any difficulty arises in giving effect to any provision of this Ordinance, the Government may make such order as may be necessary for removing the difficulty.


[1]Promulgated by the Governor on 4 September 1999; published in the Punjab Gazette, (Extraordinary), dated 4 September 1999, pp. 1241-43. Under Article 4 of the Provisional Constitution (Amendment) Order 1999 (9 of 1999), it will remain in force notwithstanding the maximum limit of three months prescribed under Article 128 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

[2]It stood repealed on 5 September 1999.

Monday, July 25, 2011

Computers Video Card issue!

Q: Things have been just fine for months..using XP, Vvidia GeForce 8600 GT..suddenly games are crashing, blue screen,,,computer reboots itself and I have this Error 0XC000000d, location 0x0045af13. Cannot made it happy again. have tried

-restoring to earlier date-unable to restore "version mismatch"
-upgrade was in the spring and tried to roll back to earlier one..same error 0X0 etc
-unable to upgrade to beta coming out as it is not compatible with XP
-I haven't got a lot of hair left, I'm not doing hair tearing...but this is pretty frustrating. I'm afraid my card is suddenly toast and Ican't seem to fix it.

any suggestions?
A: I had the exact same card and the blue screens started after a windows update. I read in nvidia forums that many people were having similar problems. I solved my problem by completely uninstalling the drivers, then reinstalling from the original cd that came with the card & hiding the windows update after that.

User Error Replace User


In Computer Support “User Error” is an error made by the human user of a computer system, formal human error codes/terms are used in the context of human reliability. User Error and related phrases are given below:
  1. PEBKAC = "Problem Exists Between Keyboard And Chair"
  2. PICNIC  = "Problem In Chair Not In Computer"
  3. PIBCAK = "Problem Is Between Chair And Keyboard"
  4. ID-10-T Error = "Idiot Error"
  5. Layer 8 Issue
  6. Wetware Bugs

These slang terms are used by technical circles to mean that a problem is caused entirely by the fault of the user.

The Navy pronounces ID10T as "Eye Dee Ten Tango".
The Army pronounces ID10T as “One Delta Ten Tango”.

The networking administrators refers user errors as a "Layer 8 Issue".
The computing terminology refers user errors as "Wetware Bugs".

Let us hope that you never see these terms on your file when a serviceman is fixing your computer. J


Thursday, July 14, 2011

Futuristic Bracelet Cell Phone Concept

Concept phones are becoming very popular these days. The stranger their shape is, the more popular they get. Probably that’s why this bracelet phone got so many fans or because it has a round dialer on it, like in old land phones.

Futuristic Bracelet Mobile Phone Concept

Futuristic Bracelet Mobile Phone Concept

Windows Futuristic Cell Phone Concepts (Futuristic Mobile Phone)

Is it a window, is it a phone? No. Actually, it’s Window phone and this is the part where you are saying

“What? What are you talking about?”.

The phone is actually a concept with extraordinary features. Surely if this could be actually put into production, it would set a new standard for the term “cool”.

Futuristic Cell phone on “Sunny Day”

Futuristic Cell phone on a “Rainy Day”

Futuristic Cell phone on a “Snowy Day”

Futuristic Cell phone in “Call mode”

Futuristic Cell phone in “Text messaging mode”

Tuesday, July 5, 2011

Bits and Bytes

Bits and Bytes
Equal to
01 bit
Digit, Flag
04 bit
08 bit
Octet, Character
16 bit
Double Byte
32 bit
Double Word
Long Word
64 bit
Very Long Word
Very Long Word

Equal to
Kilobit (Kb)
1024 Bits (b)
(2)10 Bits
Megabit (Mb)
1024 Kb
(2)20 Bits
Gigabit (Gb)
1024 Mb
(2)30 Bits
Terabit (Tb)
1024 Gb
(2)40 Bits
Petabit (Pb)
1024 Tb
(2)50 Bits
Exabit (Eb)
1024 Pb
(2)60 Bits
Zettabit (Zb)
1024 Eb
(2)70 Bits
Yottabit (Yb)
1024 Zb
(2)80 Bits

Equal to
Kilobyte (KB)
1024 Bytes (B)
(2)10 Bytes
Megabyte (MB)
1024 KB
(2)20 Bytes
Gigabyte (GB)
1024 MB
(2)30 Bytes
Terabyte (TB)
1024 GB
(2)40 Bytes
Petabyte (PB)
1024 TB
(2)50 Bytes
Exabyte (EB)
1024 PB
(2)60 Bytes
Zettabyte (ZB)
1024 EB
(2)70 Bytes
Yottabyte (YB)
1024 ZB
(2)80 Bytes